Great Himalayan National Park
The Great Himalayan National Park is located in the northern state of India named Himachal Pradesh. It comes under western Himalayan ranges with ranging elevations of 1500 to 6000m. The park comes under Seraj forest of Kullu district. The park is the natural habitat for many flora, fauna and some threatened wildlife species. The park is dense with various trees and shrubs at a lower elevation and is covered with snow and glaciers with increasing altitude. It was constituted as a national park in the year 1984 and recognized as a world heritage site by UNESCO during the year 2014 for its outstanding biodiversity conservation of ecosystems.
Trek into Nature
The best time to visit and look at the wildlife is during the months of April to October. Monsoon seasons should be avoided due to slippery landscapes at any cost. With 4 valleys featuring forests, lush meadows, snow-filled glaciers and soaring peaks, the park is rich with distinctive mammals, birds, trees, medicinal plants and exotic life. It offers a great recluse for bird watchers and nature lovers. Trekking is the only way to reach this national park. It is quite a paradise for hiking lovers and trekkers. The atmosphere and ambiance are quite beautiful and safe. It offers mesmerizing views after a snowfall from ecozone.
Flora and Fauna
This national park is the home to mammals like rare Himalayan Bears, Snow Leopard, Musk Deer, Blue Sheep, and Himalayan Thar. It also houses reptiles like Kashmir rock, Indian rat snake, pit viper and eastern keelback. With 181 different kinds of birds, the aviary is the best attraction in the park with exotic and breathtaking species. Very rare kind of pheasant species called western tragopan exists only in this park and is a major attraction. The different elevations of the park are suitable for wildlife to thrive and survive effortlessly. The diverse mix of vegetation enables the fauna to flourish.
Biodiversity Park is the hot spot for different forest types with oak trees, deodar, fir, horse chestnut trees, and spruce trees. The higher altitudes are suitable for the growth of shrubs and forms grazing area for deer and goats. Blue pine, cedar and fir trees dominate the vegetation lands.
The ecozones with villages are easy to trek and have temples which offer best sight-seeing features. Best time to visit is October when the villages are adorned with colorful festivities celebrating some Indian festivals like dusserah. The local architecture and buildings are preserved well to showcase the cultural heritage of the natives.
Small villages and communities who live in this biodiversity depend on nature for their livelihood and have a distinct culture and mode of worship. Apart from that, some guest houses are available for tourists to stay. Trekkers often carry tents to stay in the wild and enjoy the natural landscapes. The park is open anytime for tourists to visit. Hunting and recreational killing of endangered animals are strictly prohibited with an aim to conserve the habitats. Visit the park to see the nature in its grandeur.
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